SFB 1266, 1. Förderphase, Projekt E3 Human, landscape, architecture. Hellenistic building complexes in the context of human action and perception; PI: Annette Haug

Hellenistic architecture

Sanctuary of Athena at Lindos, Foto: Asja Müller


Academic Staff:


Mitarbeiter/innen der Klassischen Archäologie: Asja Müller, Fanny Opdenhoff, Jessica vant' Westeinde, Michael Feige

Project description

The project investigates the transformation of the interrelation between built architecture and landscape during the Hellenistic period (ca. 4th to 1st century BC) in the Mediterranean. This period can be regarded as a key moment in the history of human design of landscape features since it saw a massive change in the relationship between architecture and landscape as already stressed by Hans Lauter in the 1980s. Therefore, project E3 focuses on architectural interventions and their consequences for the shaping of the landscape and, vice versa, the influence of landscape on the specific forms of architecture. In contrast to many previous studies related to this subject, built space is not regarded as a static, container-like entity in which action takes place. Instead, the project adopts a more dynamic, relational concept of built space. Seen from this perspective, which is founded upon the research of influential theoreticians as Martina Löw and Henry Lefebvre, built space is a social product, formed by the ever-changing relations of its occupants and constituent elements. Thus, built space is strongly linked to specific forms of agency, social behaviour and social contexts.


In this the Project E3 pursues two different approaches, each of which focuses specific architectural and geographical contexts:

  • Asja Müller's Project investigates the interaction between humans, architecture and the surrounding landscape in regard to Hellenistic sanctuaries in the eastern Mediterranean from the 4th to the 2nd Century BC. Details
  • Michael Feige's Project addresses these relationships with a view on Roman Republican Villas on the Italian Peninsula from the 2nd to the 1st Century BC. Details



  • A. Haug - A. Müller (Hrsg.), Hellenistic Architecture and Human Action. A Case of Reciprocal Influence (Leiden 2020)