SFB 1266, 1. Förderphase, Projekt E3 – The Hellenistic sanctuary as a perception and action context: Mutual influence between humans, architecture and landscape PI: Annette Haug

Zwei Studenten und eine Tasse Kaffee
Sanctuary of Athena at Lindos (Rhodos)Bildnachweis: Asja Müller


Academic Staff:


Mitarbeiter/innen der Klassischen Archäologie: Asja Müller, Fanny Opdenhoff, Jessica vant' Westeinde, Michael Feige

Project description

This project focuses on a specific functional type of architecture – the Hellenistic sanctuary – which has already been identified as a suitable case study in previous research. Taking this as a starting point, a long-term description of the transformations in the architecture-landscape interaction is intended. The sacred complexes selected for study will be analysed according to the following questions:

On a general level, the basic conditions of architecture-landscape interaction are under observation.
  • How are the sanctuaries sited inside the landscape, as well as urban space?
  • Which kinds of landscape elements and architectural elements can be identified?
  • In what ways did both elements exert influence on each other during the construction phase?
One a more specific level, the architecture-landscape interaction will be analysed with regard to human agency.
  • Which kinds of landscape elements and architectural elements can be identified?
  • How are sanctuaries structured on the whole?
  • How did landscape elements and architectural elements interact with the human actor and what consequences for their behaviour can be identified?
From the conception of space as a social product, it follows that the interrelation of architecture and landscape can be analysed as an indicator for specific cultural, religious, political, ethnical, and social meanings and aesthetic concepts. Thus, project E3’s final part aims to link the transformation phenomenon under observation to the broader social context.
  • Are there Hellenistic pictorial and written sources that hint at the ancient actor’s perspective on architecture-landscape interaction?
  • How does the Hellenistic period differ with respect to architecture-landscape interaction from the Classical and Roman periods?
  • Which models can be drawn on in order to explain these transformational phenomena during the Hellenistic age?



  • A. Haug - A. Müller (Hrsg.), Hellenistic Architecture and Human Action. A Case of Reciprocal Influence (Leiden 2020)