SFB 1266. 2. Förderphase, Projekt E3 - Transformations in the Interrelation between Humans and Landscape between the 7th and the 1st Centuries BCE in the Eastern Mediterranean; PI: Patric-Alexander Kreuz

Wohnarchitektur in Dura Europs Bildquelle


Classical Archaeology (Prof. Dr. Patric-Alexander Kreuz / Urban Archaeology) participates in Cluster E3's second phase with one sub-project:

Sub-project E3 – Work Package 2 (PhD):  Late Foundations: The New City in the Greek World of the Hellenistic Period


The project widens the horizon of the first phase of the project by shifting the focus to urban planning and urbanistic developments within planned urban settings as a major aspect of human/landscape relations. Choosing an archaeological approach, the cities founded in the Hellenistic kingdoms will serve as case studies, comprising foundations from the Greek mainland to the Middle East and Afghanistan, and the time period encompasses the late 4th to the 2nd century BCE. These centuries witnessed a before unseen intensity in the planning and establishment of cities all over the Greek world. A major part of these new settlements was established in regions with differing urban traditions and models, where the now introduced ‘Greek model’ also involved new ways of organising urban as well as natural (micro-)regional space, urban planning and, of course, a shift towards a different urban culture and aesthetic.

Compared to the colonial settlements of the 8th to 6th centuries or the manifold aspects of urban planning and development of the Classical period, the planned foundations in the Hellenistic kingdoms are, with few exceptions, a conspicuously neglected field of study. Yet, intensified archaeological field research during the last 30 years has led to a new, and more complex picture of these foundations. Among others, a remarkable heterogeneity of urban developments and settings within the framework of the formalized city plans becomes apparent that suggests dynamic transformations resulting in regionally different local urban landscapes and environments


The sub-project attempts to shed light on these late (= Hellenistic) foundations in the Greek kingdoms as an urbanistic as well as planning related phenomenon from a decidedly archaeological perspective and on two main ‒ interwoven ‒ levels: (1) By analysing the planning design of the foundations, changed urbanistic ideals and goals will be addressed, and (2) by including aspects of the urban development of the foundations within the planned, i.e. set and ‒ideally ‒ binding framework during the following generations, questions of localized urban dynamics and their local logic within the emerging urban tissue as one way of ongoing human-environment interaction during Hellenistic times will be addressed.


Plan Khanoum                              Bildquelle