E3 Architecture and Landscape between the 6th and 2nd Century BC in the Eastern Mediterranean
The project investigates the transformation of the interrelation between built architecture and landscape between the Archaic and the Hellenistic period (ca. 6th to 2nd century BCE) in the Eastern Mediterranean. The focus is on architectural interventions and their consequences for the shaping of the landscape and, vice versa, the influence of landscape on the specific forms of architecture. hier weiterlesen
Built space and natural space can be linked to specific forms of agency, social behaviour and social contexts. The interrelation of architecture and landscape thus can be analysed as an indicator for specific – cultural, religious, political, ethnical, and social – meanings and aesthetic concepts. There are several key moments that characterize this relationship: the appearance of monumental architecture in the 8th century BC, but also the Hellenistic period when landscape turns into a stage for the presentation of architecture. The project focuses on this second aspect but aims at a long-term description of the transformations.
On a general level, the relationship of towns and their natural environment will be analysed using a number of cities as case studies. For these cityscapes, the following questions can be addressed:
- In which way do natural surroundings influence the layout of cities?
- In which way does a specific technological know-how influence city and landscape design?
- In which way do specific political structures and the social organization influence the layout of cities?
- In which way do cultural concepts of the functioning and layout of cities affect the realization of built environments?
On a more specific level, the question of architecture-landscape relations has to be posed for particular functional contexts. Here again, significant examples will be discussed regarding the following questions:
- Are there general landscape aspects that influence the positioning of these spaces?
- Is it possible to define culturally specific intentions in the placing and staging of architecture?
- What are the consequences of different forms of architectural staging for the use and perception of towns, architectural ensembles and specific architectures?
On a third level, literary and visual sources representing architecture and landscape will have to be taken into consideration in order to address the following questions:
- How is the visual concept of architecture and landscape affected by cultural changes?
- How are religious, political, and ethnical landscapes interlinked?
- Can we grasp a chronological development between the Archaic and Hellenistic period?